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Ada Bird Petyarre

116 Career Overall Rank

138 2016 Market Rank

  • Born: 1930 - 2004
  • Active: 1970-2004

  • Region: Central Desert, NT
  • Community: Utopia
  • Outstation: Atnangkere
  • Language: Anmatyerre

With an impressive exhibition history and a strong presence in the literature you would expect Ada Bird to be one of Aboriginal Australia’s most collectable artists, if currently slightly out of fashion. Important institutions that hold her work include the Art Gallery of New South Wales, the National Gallery of Australia, the University of Queensland,  the Holmes a Court Collection, the Kelton Foundation in Santa Monica, USA, and the Anthropology Museum, St. Lucia.

The highest price achieved for a work by Ada Bird at auction was the $27,600 paid for the Delmore provenanced Atnangkere (Awelye) 1990 that had been exhibited at the Haywood Gallery, London, the Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen in Dusseldorf and Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne. Sold at Sotheby's in June 1999 (Lot 97) it measured 151 x 122.5 cm, and exceeded its presale estimate of  $8,000-12,000 by a significant margin. Another work, currently the artists’ second highest secondary market result, sold for $16,100 against an estimate of $8,000-12,000 at Sotheby’s a year later (Lot128). Women’s Ceremony for the Mountain Desert Lizard 1992 came from Mulga Bore Artists and was signed by Rodney Gooch on the reverse. It measured 230 x 164 cm.

Nevertheless only five of her ten highest results exceed $10,000 and the average price of the 38 works that have sold of the 80 offered is only $4,216. This is due to the fact that many of the pieces that have been offered at public sale were not in her preferred style. She is an artist who has painted without representation. Many of her paintings have been created with poor materials and have not been executed with great care. Her ouvre is a very mixed bag that is heavily weighted with poor works and her failures at auction have been heavily weighted by these since they first appeared in 1995.

Her best year at auction was as early as 1999 when 12 works appeared of which 7 sold for $49,350. In 2007 six of nine sold for $27,192 and in 2010 five of six sold for $20,179. Overall 32 paintings have sold for up to $5000 while only five have achieved between $5000 and $10,000, and only five above this amount. Nevertheless new works entered her current top 10 results in 2010 and 2012 at equal 3rd and 6th places even though her first, second and forth highest results were all recorded in 1999-2000. Interestingly, it was the same work entitled Atnankere Dreaming 1997,  which originally sold at Phillips International in 1999 that later achieved the identical result ($15,535) at Mossgreen auctions just over a decade later in 2010.

In reality, Ada Bird is one of those artists who was prolific for a decade but created only a small number of highly collectable works overall. While collectors should keep their eyes open for the best of her paintings on those rare occasion when they appear at sale they are unlikely to set new records over the coming years.These Her more inimately executed works are the pieces that will hold, and increase, in value over time. Even so it is hard to see even the best of them pushing her records a great deal higher than her current best results.

Ada Bird Petyarre - Seeds

Seeds
Sold by Christie's , Melbourne on 30/08/2005 for $6,572.00
Size: 83 x 108 cm

Ada Bird Petyarre - Atnangkere (Awelye) 1990

Atnangkere (Awelye) 1990
Sold by Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne on 28/06/1999 for $27,600.00
Size: 151 x 122.5 cm

Ada Bird Petyarre - Atnangkere Country, 1990

Atnangkere Country, 1990
Sold by Lawson~Menzies, Sydney on 23/11/2004 for $8,400.00
Size: 245 x 145 cm

Prominent Utopia artist Ada Bird Petyarre is the eldest of seven sisters (including Kathleen, Gloria, Violet, Myrtle and Jean), all celebrated artists who have spent most their lives in this remote and arid area 230 kilometres North East of Alice Springs. The art of Utopia rose to prominence swiftly, not least because it heralded the emerging prominence of women artists and their particular themes as a significant force in Aboriginal art. Utopia had once been a large cattle station and Ada had worked there as a young woman. In 1978, the Aboriginal Land Fund Commission returned the land to its traditional Anmatyerre and Alyawarre owners who established small settlements throughout the 1,800 square kilometres. Ada was born at Mulga Bore (Akaye Soakage) and continued to live there amongst her large extended family, raising two daughters and four sons.  

Ada Bird participated in the batik making workshops run by the adult education programme in the late 1970s. The women took to this traditional Indonesian craft with ease, reflecting their many years of ‘mark-making’ when painting their bodies as part of their preparation for Awelye (women’s ceremonies). From the outset, Ada Bird’s vibrant personality was expressed in her bright colours and fluid linear designs. Alongside the batiks of her sisters and her aunt Emily Kngwarreye, her early works on luscious silk were soon exhibited and snapped up by buyers including the celebrity collector, businessman Robert Holmes a Court.  German filmmaker Wim Wenders acquired one of Ada’s batiks and gave her a part in his film, Till The End of the World, that was partially shot in Central Australia.

 

As a senior elder of the Anmatyerre people and deeply respected for her talent and cultural role, traditional obligations and ceremony always played a large part in Ada’s life, feeding directly into the graphic magnetism of her art making.  The body painting of Awelye (women’s ceremony) is a process that is considered as important as its end product. It has been described as a way of inhabiting the world as well as of seeing the world. Fat is rubbed onto the body so that the finger-painted lines of ochre on moving limbs shine and shimmer, particularly by fire-light. Native grasses are soaked and splashed over the skin to produce a decorative effect across breasts and body. The women paint each other according to their skin names and tribal hierarchy. They sing all the while to call the spirit ancestors to the approaching ceremony. This haptic and affective practice invokes a tangible sense of awe and involvement amongst ceremonial participants and it is this influence that infuses Ada’s art making with similar qualities.
    
Growing confidence and skill allowed Ada to move seamlessly into acrylic painting when, in 1988-89, 'Summer Project' workshops organised by the Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association (CAAMA) again made new materials available to the women at Utopia. It had become apparent that a unique style had formed, and the first major book on these artists and Ada's work was featured on the front cover of the landmark publication, Utopia Women’s Painting (1989). In late 1989 the National Gallery of Australia in Canberra acquired a major canvas of hers and the addition of her works to many other major collections followed. The depictions of body painting designs relate to the fertility of the land and the abundance of bush foods, but one of Ada’s most popular and compelling subjects is Arnkerrth, the Mountain Devil Lizard. This tiny desert creature is said to have created the desert by moving sand, grain by grain, since the dawn of time. It is a shared Dreaming among the Petyarre sisters and elucidates the love and responsibility the Anmatyerre people feel for their homelands.  Unlike early Europeans, who were wary of the lizard’s bristly spikes (hence the fearful Latin name, Moloch horridus), desert people love these creatures and often keep them as pets. Their camouflage ability to change skin patterns and colouring in keeping with their surroundings gives rise to myriad design possibilities.


In 2004 Ada died after a stroke. She left a legacy of traditional knowledge embodied in beautiful artworks known for their striking palette and pleasing, linear design. Some rare and lesser-known works are more subdued in colour, sometimes incorporating fine dotting or even small representational elements. Her works are held all over the world in public and private collections and she remains an inspiring figure of the early Aboriginal contemporary art movement.

 

Profile author: Sophie Baka

Edited: Adrian Newstead

Profile References

Brody, Anne. 1989. Utopia Women’s Painting. Australia. Robert Holmes a Court Collection.
Brody, Annemarie. 1990. Utopia : a picture story : 88 silk batiks from the Robert Holmes à Court Collection. Perth. Heytesbury Holdings Ltd. for the Robert Holmes à Court Collection.
Biddle, Jennifer Loureide . 1997. Breasts, bodies, canvas : central desert art as experience. Sydney. University of NSW Press Ltd.

Ada Bird Petyarre - Womens Ceremony for the Mountain Desert Lizard 1992

Womens Ceremony for the Mountain Desert Lizard 1992
Sold by Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne on 26/06/2000 for $16,100.00
Size: 230 x 164 cm

Ada Bird Petyarre - Atnangkere (Awelye) 1990

Atnangkere (Awelye) 1990
Sold by Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne on 28/06/1999 for $27,600.00
Size: 151 x 122.5 cm

Ada Bird Petyarre - Atnangkere Country, 1990

Atnangkere Country, 1990
Sold by Lawson~Menzies, Sydney on 23/11/2004 for $8,400.00
Size: 245 x 145 cm

Sites

Subjects

Mountain Devil Lizard (Arnkerrth), Emu, Grass Seed , Pencil Yam

Medium

Synthetic Polymer Paint on Linen and Canvas

Regional Map

Note: This map is a representation and not accurate. Some sites are sacred and therefore not shown.

Market Performance

Career Totals

AIAM100 Rank
116
AIAM100 Rating
1.4593
Sold/Offered
45/99
Clearance Rate
45%
Average Price
$3,896
Total Price
$175,335
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
0.2198 0.0485 0.0000 0.0710 0.0917 0.2266 0.1369 0.4039 0.0311 0.0000 0.3176 0.0588 0.0957 0.0140 0.0000 0.0539 0.1138
2/4 1/3 0/2 2/8 1/5 3/7 4/8 6/9 1/2 0/2 5/6 3/9 1/4 1/2 0/2 2/6 3/5
$12,075 $2,350 $0 $1,259 $8,400 $5,706 $1,171 $4,532 $965 $0 $4,036 $384 $9,150 $195 $0 $726 $1,440
Yearly Market Performance Graph from 2000 - 2016

Top 10 Artworks Sold at Auction

1

Atnangkere (Awelye) 1990

sale price: $27,600.00
auction: Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne  lot: 97 date: 28/06/1999
151 x 122.5 cm Synthetic polymer paint on linen
2

Womens Ceremony for the Mountain Desert Lizard 1992

sale price: $16,100.00
auction: Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne  lot: 128 date: 26/06/2000
230 x 164 cm Synthetic polymer paint on canvas
3

Atnankere Dreaming 1997

sale price: $15,535.00
auction: Mossgreen Auctions, Sydney  lot: 11 date: 30/08/2010
132 x 192 cm Synthetic polymer paint on canvas
4

Atnankere Dreaming, 1997

sale price: $15,525.00
auction: Phillips International Auction, Sydney  lot: 12 date: 16/11/1999
134 x 192 cm Synthetic polymer paint on canvas
5

Womens Ceremony for the Mountain Desert Lizard 1992

sale price: $11,636.00
auction: Leonard Joel Pty. Ltd., Melbourne  lot: 480 date: 07/08/2007
230 x 164 cm Acrylic on canvas
6

Sacred Grasses, 1994

sale price: $9,150.00
auction: Mossgreen Auctions, Melbourne  lot: 32 date: 06/06/2012
153 x 122 cm Synthetic polymer paint on canvas
7

Atnangkere Country, 1990

sale price: $8,400.00
auction: Lawson~Menzies, Sydney  lot: 90 date: 23/11/2004
245 x 145 cm Synthetic polymer paint on linen
8

A Tnankere Country c. 1998/1999

sale price: $8,050.00
auction: Goodmans Auctioneers, Sydney  lot: 92 date: 09/04/2000
312 x 122 cm Synthetic polymer on linen
9

Sacred Grasses, c. 1996

sale price: $7,200.00
auction: Lawson~Menzies, Sydney  lot: 166 date: 31/05/2005
133 x 132 cm Synthetic polymer paint on linen
10

Seeds

sale price: $6,572.00
auction: Christie's , Melbourne  lot: 162 date: 30/08/2005
83 x 108 cm Synthetic polymer paint on canvas

Available Artworks

Sorry There are currently no artworks available for this artist.