AKA Ronny Patinga, Yuntantji, Jampijinpa, Djambidjimpa, Tjambitjimba, Tjampatjimpa
13 Career Overall Rank
15 2016 Market Rank
Ronnie Tjampitjinpa began to paint early in life and outlived most of his older contemporaries. He has enjoyed a long and fruitful career as a painter during which he has produced works in a variety of different styles. Apart from a small number of early boards from the early 1970s and generic Tingari paintings typical of the late 1970s and early 1980s, his distinctive trademark is bold geometric design. At their best these works, produced in the second half of his career, have a strength and power that commands attention while his lesser works seem stilted and repetitious by comparison. Although he painted before Bardon left Papunya, his best results have been for works created during the 1990s. This is quite the reverse of the other ‘Bardon’ artists. His early works are rare and do not share the visual strength of the early boards by many of the older men. While Ronnie has painted only occasionally for Papunya Tula since the mid to late 1990s it has been works with this provenance which have dominated his highest secondary market results. His top twenty sales have been for predominantly large works painted for private dealers and it is expected that major pieces like these will continue to increase in value, while his many minor works will languish.
Ronnie’s offerings at auction have been voluminous with 450 works offered for sale since they first appeared in 1995, and his clearance rate low at just 45%. Due principally to his independence as an artist in a market where provenance was formerly considered so important, the value of his paintings have been related to several factors other than size.
Two Boys at Wilkinkarra (Lake Mackay)1992, a painting with Papunya Tula provenance, although only 152 x 122 cm in size, sold for $79,812 after being illustrated on the back cover of the catalogue for Sotheby’s June 2002 auction (Lot 40) and used extensively in pre-auction publicity. Then Two Boys at Wilkinkarra fetched a disappointing $43,200 upon its resale in 2011 at Sotheby's May Auction in Melbourne (Lot 18). Prior to 2010 his next best recorded price is the $63,000 paid for a 183 x 153 cm Papunya Tula work on linen painted in 1993. This work titled Wilkinkarra more than doubled its highest estimate when sold in Sotheby’s June 2000 auction (Lot 119). At the time of the sale, segments of this extremely striking work were reproduced on a grand scale as hoardings surrounding the latest Renzo Piano development, Aurora Place, in Sydney. This was eclipsed in the Menzies March 2010 sale, with the third appearance of Kumpuralgna 1996 at auction since 2006.
Of his top ten results at the end of 2006 only one had come from a source other than Papunya Tula, however by the end of 2009 results for non-art centre provenanced works had increased to four. The word results is underlined here as 4 of these results have been set for one single painting! [the following scenario is supposition on my part. I have no proof whatsoever of its veracity] But Kumpuralgna 1996 has appeared in four Menzies sales over a period of 9 years. This 364 x 153 cm work was commissioned by Kimberley Art in Melbourne from dealer Peter Van Groessen and featured a number of the artist’s most important themes. It was purchased first in November 2006 for $54,000 (Lot 109) by a Rod Menzies buyers' consortium of which Menzies most probably retained 50% of the ownership. When resold in March 2008 it was reputed to have sold for just $60,000. Now Menzies probably owned 25%! It appeared once more in 2010 and was recorded has having sold for $66,000 and Menzies had most likely now divested himself of the work. Finally five years later, in 2105, it recorded the artist's second highest record price when it sold for $79,773 netting the syndicate Menzies cobbled together a modest profit on their 'investment'.
In 2013 one of Ronnie’s early boards, Ceremonial Dreaming 1972, displaced another 1972 board as his highest record for an early work which had stood since 1996. In what has been a rare occurrence, a not dissimilar work almost twice the size was offered for sale by Lawson~Menzies in May 2007. Carrying an ambitious presale estimate of $75,000-95,000 Ceremonial Dreaming 1972 had failed to find a buyer until a week after the auction when reportedly sold by private treaty for $50,000.
Ronnie Tjampitjinpa’s highest price in 2007 was for a work Kaaruratintja (Lake Macdonald) 1996, sold by Joel Fine Art (Lot 68). This was his fifth best overall result in a year that saw 42 individual works offered of which only 10 sold, easily his worst year on record since 1997. Yet total sales for the year were a respectable $156,250. His highest grossing year on the secondary market was 2006 during which 11 of the 16 works sold for a total of $208,174. Statistically his most successful year was 2002 when average prices for his paintings exceeded $20,000 despite just six works selling of the fourteen offered at a total of $124,622. 2015 was a good year for the artist. His success rate was 59% compared to his 45% career average. Two works were recorded in his top 10 at 2nd and 5th position. And in 2016 a work sold for $51,240 displacing his 8th best result previously.
While Ronnie Tjampitjinpa may be seen as a highly successful artist in the primary market with works in shops, galleries and on internet sites, only a handful of sales have exceeded $50,000 at auction, with over 20 selling for more than $25,000. His output was prodigious until 2012-2013 when his health began to deteriorate and he found it harder to paint with small brushes. Collectors would be well advised to take care when looking to purchase one of Ronnie's works. Evidence suggests that while his works are still available in the primary market, all but the very best will languish at auction. Ronnie however is a most important figure in the history of Western Desert painting. His works will continue to demand interest well into the forseable future.
As a young lad close to 13 years of age Ronnie Tjampitjinpa walked with his family out of the West Australian desert and settled into life in the tumultuous and crowded settlement of Papunya. It was the height of the assimilationist era as the Australia Government oversaw the movement of traditional nomadic people from their Pintupi homelands.
In 1971, at the dawn of the Desert painting movement, Ronnie Tjampitjinpa was in his late 20’s. After attending the European-style school in Papunya he returned to the Western Desert, went through initiation at Umari near his birthplace in the region near Muyinnga, about 100 km west of the Kintore Ranges, spent time in Yuendumu and then returned to live with his relatives in Papunya. There he worked as a police tracker, health worker, and labourer. His earlier tribal initiation into ceremonial knowledge along with his familiarity with country and sacred sites stood him in good stead when he began painting in his early thirties, under the tutelage of Old Mick Tjakamarra. As senior custodian of the Honey Ant Dreaming, Tjakamarra had played an instrumental role in initiating the Papunya art movement. Ronnie was one of the youngest men who began painting in the mid 1970’s and his artistic output was initially small as he moved regularly between Papunya, Yuendumu and Mount Doreen Station. As the younger generation no longer lived in close proximity to their traditional homelands painting had become an important means for the older law keepers to pass on their knowledge of sacred sites. Ronnie, having been initiated, became an important participant and mediator in this process.
The classic Pintupi style of linked concentric circles tells of a sacred geometry. It is derived from body paint designs, cartography of country and ancestral narratives. A consolidating conformity existed between the older painters as they worked out the ground rules for telling the Dreaming while protecting sacred content. Being one of the youngest to begin painting, Ronnie began to demonstrate a more bold and expressionistic approach. Laborious, individual dots evolved into linked or ‘flicked’ dotting and a strong linear emphasis. Distinct iconographic features such as circles and U shapes were relinquished in favour of abstraction and the creation of a vibrant, painterly surface. These developments were encouraged by the return to tribal lands that was facilitated by a change in government and Indigenous policies in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Ronnie Tjampitjinpa was a strong advocate for this outstation movement that was given impetus and partly funded by Papunya art sales. During this period he traveled to Yuendumu, Balgo Hills and Mount Doreen encouraging as many people as he could to return to their traditional Pintupi lands. In 1983 he moved with his family to the small settlement of Ininti-Redbank, near Kintore, and stopped painting for a few years due to his political involvements. This included becoming chairman of the Kintore outstations council and his involvement in important claims for land rights. He had already pioneered new ways of interpreting his ancient visual language and soon returned to painting with new enthusiasm, describing politics as 'too much humbug'. The more focused environment of his own community fueled his distinct aesthetic preoccupation.
In 1984 Tjampitjinpa won the Northern Territory Art Award. This became controversial when other contestants complained that Papunya art was folk art and not worthy of the ‘high art’ title, a strangely persistent attitude in some art circles at that time. The moment became an historic landmark when Judge Nancy Underhill upheld her decision defending his entry, Happening at Mt. Leibig, as genuine art and notably of the highest standard. Demand for Tjampitjinpa’s work grew and his leaning towards painterly abstraction was increasingly favoured and encouraged by the contemporary art market. He emerged as a leading figure, sustaining the boom in the national and international reputation of Aboriginal art during the 1990s.
Ronnie's works first appeared in Papunya Tula exhibitions during the 1970s, and later in commercial art galleries in Sydney and Melbourne throughout the 1980s. He won the Alice Springs Art Prize in 1988 and this was followed by successive solo exhibitions at Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi in 1989 and 1990.
More than any other figure, Ronnie Tjampitjinpa can be credited with having forged a new artistic direction in embracing aesthetic minimalism, thereby freeing up further possibilities for the younger up-coming generation of painters, and challenging fixed perceptions of Western Desert art. His hypnotic designs explore interacting geometric shapes which emanate an eye-catching, pulsating action. Still infused with the Dreamings of his mythical Tingari ancestors, Tjampitjinpa refined the characteristic Pintupi simplicity of design, boldly scaling up fundamental pictorial elements, freeing them from their iconographic reference points and strongly emphasizing the distinctive repetition of line and form that has always infused Pintupi art with the spirit of their vast and ancient lands.
From the mid 1990s Ronnie Tjampitjinpa began painting for a wide array of dealers, only occasionally returning to work with Papunya Tula. Even though Ronnie frequently worked for other dealers Papunya Tula organised solo exhibitions for him at Alcaston Gallery Melbourne in 1995 and Utopia Art Sydney in 1994,1996, 1997 and 2002, and in 2004 was elected Chairman of the company. His work has been included in major survey exhibitions in Australia and overseas including a solo retrospective in 2015 at the Art Gallery of NSW yet he has mostly eschewed the trappings of fame and fortune by dividing his time between working as a painter and his ceremonial obligations. Able to earn money wherever he goes, Ronnie is the quintessential modern nomad, familiarly known across a wide expanse of country as he constantly travels in his four-wheel drive with his spears tied on the roof.
Johnson, Vivien. 1996. Dreamings of the Desert, Aboriginal Dot Paintings of the Western Desert. Adelaide. Art Gallery of South Australia.
Johnson, Vivien. 2008. Lives of the Papunya Tula Artists. Australia. IAD Press.
Watson, Ken, Jones, Jonathan & Perkins, Hetti . 2004. Tradition today : Indigenous Art in Australia. Sydney. Art Gallery of New South Wales.
Perkins, H & Fink, H. 2000. Papunya Tula, Genesis and Genius. Sydney. Art Gallery of New South Wales.
Mundine, Djon. 1998. Tribute. Australia. Art & Australia 35(3).
Lake Macdonald , Lake Mackay, Yunala, Yintjintji, Wintjintjarra, Umari, Tjampillpunkla, Pinari, Panpanga, Nyunany, Marapulpa, Maanytja, Engari, Ininti, Iriltjata, Kaakaratintja, Kakada, Kampurarrpa, Lappi Lappi
Tingari , Thunder , Perentie, Moon, Snake , Two Men (Wati Kutjara), Two Women (Kunga Kutjarra), Kadaitcha Man (Law Enforcer), Emu, Wallaby, Lightening, Echidna, Porcupine, Water, Rain, Two Boys , Fire
Powder Pigment on Composition Board, Synthetic Polymer Paint on Linen and Canvas