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Charlie Tawara Tjungurrayi

AKA Charley, Tjaruru, Tararu, Taruru, Tarawu, Tarawa, Tawarra, Wadama

45 Career Overall Rank

- 2016 Market Rank

  • Born: 1925 - 1999
  • Active: 1970-

  • Region: Western Desert, NT
  • Community: Papunya, Kintore
  • Outstation: Warlungurru
  • Language: Pintupi, Pintupi

Papunya: A Place Made After a Story

As is the case with so many of the artists who worked directly with Geoffrey Bardon, Charlie Tjaruru’s top selling works were produced during the 1971-1972 period including nine of his top ten results. His record is held by a brilliant, striking and memorable black and white image with a unique story, titled The Trial 1972. This 40.5 x 76 cm board more than doubled its presale high estimate of $100,000 when it sold for a startling $212,000 at Sotheby’s in July 2004. The superiority of this image over the rest of his 1972 paintings is attested by the fact that of the 17 works created in 1972 and offered at auction 13 have sold, yet only three have achieved prices in excess of  $30,000. Just ten of his 1971 paintings have been offered at auction and only seven of these sold. Those works which have failed, or have achieved prices under $10,000 were either rather stark images, or the application of dotted in-fill created an unfortunate spotty effect thereby marring the iconic imagery.

Prior to 2004, a small 20.5 x 60 cm 1971 board with unusual and striking image, and an evocative story, set the artist’s top price when sold at Sotheby’s in July 2001. Fear 1971 sold for $87,500 at and this remains the artist’s second highest record to date.

In the mid 1980s Charlie Tjaruru travelled with Papunya Tula art adviser Andrew Crocker through the USA, Europe and England and met Queen Elizabeth II. This was the inspiration for the only 1980s work in his 10 highest results. An Audience with the Queen,was created in 1989. Measuring 121 x 121 cm, it sold for $70,250, more than double its high estimate, in Sotheby’s July 2001 auction. This is still the artist’s fourth highest result and the only work in his top ten results that was not produced between 1971 and 1972.

Very few of his works from the 1980s have been presented or accepted for auction and the majority have sold for less than $3,000. The exceptions were three quite large canvases which took around $7,000 on average. This is due to the lack of interest in repetitive Tingari site paintings lacking in energy and harmonic tension. With 106 works having been offered at auction, it is somewhat surprising that so few have been re-presented. Two that first appeared during the 1997 and 1998 period dropped in value slightly when offered again in 2000 and 2003, while a 1975 Tingari painting increased in value slightly from the $3,120 sale price at Sotheby’s  in July 2003 to $3,840 when offered in June 2005 at Lawson-Menzies.

Despite his renown and high prices paid for a small number of his works, Charlie Tjaruru’s paintings have not performed well at auction. Apart from his early boards and a small number of thematic paintings produced during the 1980s, there are many formulaic paintings barely distinguishable from a large group of generic paintings produced by Pintupi male artists post 1975. Early boards will also perform well as was the case in 2012 when three 1971-2 paintings were offered for sale. Though far from his finest works two sold for just above $21,000 and a third for $14,640 against his career average price of $15,248. Today there are so many wonderful Aboriginal artists and art styles from such a diversity of regions that it would be better to avoid one of Charlie Tjaruru Tjungarrayi’s paintings after 1973 unless it is especially aesthetically pleasing.

Charlie Tawara Tjungurrayi - Untitled, 1972

Untitled, 1972
Sold by Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne on 29/06/1998 for $29,900.00
Size: 61 x 45.5 cm

Charlie Tawara Tjungurrayi - Moon Love Dreaming (Man and Woman) 1971

Moon Love Dreaming (Man and Woman) 1971
Sold by Deutscher~Menzies, Melbourne on 29/06/1999 for $68,500.00
Size: 60 x 51 cm

Charlie Tawara Tjungurrayi - The Trial, 1972

The Trial, 1972
Sold by Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne on 26/07/2004 for $212,000.00
Size: 76 x 40.5 cm

Born west of the Kintore Ranges in Pintupi country, Charlie Tjararu’s friendship with Europeans began early and continued to be instrumental throughout his life and career. He first encountered whitefellas as a youth and in his early teens lived for some time at Haasts Bluff before returning with a prospecting party to his homeland. By the onset of the Second World War he had moved to Hermannsburg and worked for some time as a builder there and with the army at military camps around Adelaide.

In the 1950’s he moved with his family to live at Haast’s Bluff, near Papunya, but still traveled out into the desert to contact and take rations to his people, often liaising for the welfare patrols who sought to draw the various tribes of desert dwellers into the government settlements and assimilate them into the encroaching white society. From its very beginnings Papunya was a place of tribal tensions and government neglect, so the Pintupi strove to establish their own camps, removed from the ‘conflict and grog’ that threatened their tribal integrity. When the painting group began on the veranda of Geoff Bardon’s flat in 1971, Tjaruru enthusiastically applied himself realizing, along with the other men, that this was one way they could improve their situation. Ultimately they hoped to return to, and set up, independent outstations within their homelands.

An adventurous and energetic man, Tjaruru was a predominant figure in the Papunya community during the 1970’s.  He was a founding member of Papunya Tula and became an important spokesman for the Pintupi due to his strong command of English, despite a number of the white people in the settlement characterizing him as ‘difficult’ or ‘bitter’ (Johnson 2008). Bardon on the other hand himself found him ‘accessible’ and of ‘quiet disposition and warm loyalty’ (1979: 46). His versatility with language and European customs enabled him to guide and explain, on both sides of the cultural divide, the financial and cultural transactions that were the basis of the fledgling art business. He was the eldest of the many Tjungurrayi skin ‘brothers’ that included Kingsley, Shorty Lungkata, and Yala Yala as well as Don, George, Willy, Two Bob and Yumpululu who would follow them in to painting. As such, he took it upon himself to look after their interests. At the same time, he proved himself a prolific and talented painter, responding to criticism with a good-natured determination that saw through to the consolidation of the distinctive Pintupi style. His own work reflected this formal structuring, particularly his renditions of the Tingari creation myths, but at times he gave way to a more experimental flair. The vitality of his brushwork gave his works a characteristic textured surface that emphasized his attachment to solidity of form, and imparted a ‘vigorous presence’ to his paintings. Because of controversy surrounding the depiction of sacred subjects, Bardon suggested painting children’s stories that trace more general activities of traditional life such as food gathering. At the time it became a pathway to peace among the differing opinions as to what subjects and images were safe to reveal and Tjaruru helped to show the way forward with his vibrant Yam Dreaming 1972. This painting was intended to teach young people where and how to find this valuable desert food. It was Tjaruru who suggested to Bardon in 1972 that the newly established company be called Papunya Tula. Literally meaning ‘a meeting place of brothers and cousins at the Honey Ant place’, the small hill that looked over the Papunya settlement. It seemed to satisfy everyone, pointing to a new business arrangement that acknowledged an Aboriginal conception of sociability and consultation.

When Andrew Crocker came to Papunya as the new art advisor in 1981, a strong friendship developed between the entrepreneurial English man and Tjaruru who was, as described by Bardon, 'by far the most accessible of the Pintupi painting men' (Bardon cited in Carter 2000: 293). Crocker significantly raised the profile and sales of Papunya Tula. He contacted wealthy people around Australia and overseas, encouraging their interest in the paintings and selling a sizeable collection to the Holmes a Court family. The company broke free from its dependence on annual government grant money and a wider group, including women, became involved in producing art works. Crocker brought Tjaruru into the limelight, as a representative of the company but also as an artist in his own right. They traveled together to Europe, America and, in England Tjaruru met with Queen Elizabeth the second. In 1987 he was afforded the first retrospective devoted to an Aboriginal artist, organised by Crocker for the Orange City Festival, which later toured Australia. Because of the complexity of his relationship to both his white friends and his own culture, Tjaruru was deeply affected by these experiences, so removed from the basic difficulties his people faced as they began their exodus back to Kintore. His authority and political position within the Pintupi community wavered somewhat, even though he remained confident of his own importance. There is no doubt however, that the growing economic and political value of painting which enabled the Pintupi to regain their beloved homelands and determine an independent and hopeful future, was greatly powered by the vitality and heartfelt persistence of Charlie Tjaruru. He did eventually return to live in his Pintupi country, 25 years after he left it, by camel in 1956 aided by the money generated from his art sales. He and his wife, Tatali Nangala who passed away shortly after her husband at the end of the 1990’s, had nine children although tragically five of these died before their parents. Charlie Tjaruru lived an eventful and extraordinary life. Today his art resides in collections around the world and testifies to a life rich in spirit, despite the often alien world and personal sadness that he encountered.

Profile References

Johnson, Vivien. 2008. Lives of the Papunya Tula Artists. Australia. IAD Press.
Myers, Fred. 2002. Painting Culture, The Making of an Aboriginal High Art. Durham and London. Duke University Press.
Bardon, G. 2004. Papunya: A Place Made After the Story: The Beginnings of Western Desert Painting Movement. Victoria. Melbourne University Publishing.
Perkins, H & Fink, H. 2000. Papunya Tula, Genesis and Genius. Sydney. Art Gallery of New South Wales.
Crocker, A. 1987. Charlie Tjaruru Tjungurrayi: A retrospective 1970-1986. NSW. Orange Regional Gallery.

Charlie Tawara Tjungurrayi - Untitled, 1972

Untitled, 1972
Sold by Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne on 29/06/1998 for $29,900.00
Size: 61 x 45.5 cm

Charlie Tawara Tjungurrayi - Snake Story 1972

Snake Story 1972
Sold by Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne on 29/06/1998 for $25,300.00
Size: ?? cm

Charlie Tawara Tjungurrayi - An Audience with the Queen 1989

An Audience with the Queen 1989
Sold by Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne on 09/07/2001 for $70,250.00
Size: 121 x 121 cm

Sites

Maggie Springs, Namanya Rockhole, Djiterulba, Inindinya, Jiturri, Kaankararra, Latjurnga, Mulpingya, Mundadina, Tjunginya, Unkuntja, Unkuntja, Watulpunya, Yawaiangra

Subjects

Fish, Sandhills, Snake , Tingari , Witchetty Grub , Water, Emu, Frogs, Goanna, Two Women (Kunga Kutjarra), Two Men (Wati Kutjara), Old Man, Love Story, Moon, Bush Turkey, Rock Wallaby

Medium

Screen Printing, Powder Pigment on Composition Board, Synthetic Polymer Paint on Linen and Canvas

Regional Map

Note: This map is a representation and not accurate. Some sites are sacred and therefore not shown.

Market Performance

Career Totals

AIAM100 Rank
45
AIAM100 Rating
3.5475
Sold/Offered
81/122
Clearance Rate
66%
Average Price
$15,135
Total Price
$1,225,950
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
0.1398 0.5617 0.5726 0.3011 0.9718 0.3234 0.1859 0.5139 0.3878 0.4813 0.0310 0.0775 0.5995 0.3829 0.1105 0.1707 0.0490
1/5 2/2 5/7 4/7 4/5 4/9 4/5 3/4 3/7 4/7 1/1 1/1 6/8 2/5 1/3 3/3 1/2
$19,550 $78,875 $13,115 $5,668 $59,023 $6,538 $2,160 $29,347 $16,707 $14,480 $960 $6,000 $9,984 $36,659 $12,200 $3,237 $2,400
Yearly Market Performance Graph from 2000 - 2016

Top 10 Artworks Sold at Auction

1

The Trial, 1972

sale price: $212,000.00
auction: Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne  lot: 96 date: 26/07/2004
76 x 40.5 cm Synthetic polymer paint on composition board
2

Fear 1971

sale price: $87,500.00
auction: Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne  lot: 45 date: 09/07/2001
61 x 20.5 cm Synthetic polymer paint and enamel paint on plywood
3

Ceremonial Dreaming (1972)

sale price: $73,200.00
auction: Sotheby's Australia, Melbourne  lot: 82 date: 28/05/2013
61 x 45.7 cm Synthetic polymer paint on composition board
4

An Audience with the Queen 1989

sale price: $70,250.00
auction: Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne  lot: 49 date: 09/07/2001
121 x 121 cm Synthetic polymer paint on linen
5

Moon Love Dreaming (Man and Woman) 1971

sale price: $68,500.00
auction: Deutscher~Menzies, Melbourne  lot: 58 date: 29/06/1999
60 x 51 cm Synthetic polymer paint on board
6

Wild Potato Story 1971

sale price: $60,000.00
auction: Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne  lot: 41 date: 24/07/2007
88 x 41 cm Synthetic polymer powder paint and acrylic on composition board
7

Untitled Papunya, Central Australia, circa 1973

sale price: $50,190.00
auction: Mossgreen Auctions, Sydney  lot: 24 date: 31/08/2009
122 x 91.5 cm Synthetic polymer paint on composition board
8

Untitled Men's Ceremony 1972

sale price: $35,380.00
auction: Joel Fine Art, Melbourne  lot: 23 date: 03/06/2008
61.5 x 51 cm Synthetic polymer powder paint on composition board
9

Untitled, 1972

sale price: $29,900.00
auction: Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne  lot: 129 date: 29/06/1998
61 x 45.5 cm Synthetic polymer powder paint on composition board
10

Snake Story 1972

sale price: $25,300.00
auction: Sotheby's Australia Pty. Ltd., Melbourne  lot: 221 date: 29/06/1998
?? cm Synthetic polymer powder paint on composition board

Available Artworks

Sorry There are currently no artworks available for this artist.